The Percentages Agreement was a secret informal agreement between British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Head of State Joseph Stalin at the Fourth Moscow Conference in October 1944. It ceded the percentage of control over Eastern European countries and divided them into spheres of influence. Franklin Roosevelt was consulted provisionally and was granted to the agreement.  The contents of the agreement were first published in 1953 by Churchill in the last volume of his memoirs. U.S. Ambassador Averell Harriman, who was to represent Roosevelt at these meetings, was excluded from the discussion.   A close friendship and excellent working relationship developed between U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was instrumental in creating a unique effort to deal with the axis powers. This working relationship was underlined by numerous common representations and agreements that took into account not only the immediate needs of the Allies, but also the planning of a successful peace after the victory.
The United Kingdom was not the only nation to have such an agreement with the United States. During the war, the United States entered into lease agreements with more than 30 countries and spent about $50 billion in aid. Although British Prime Minister Winston Churchill later called the initiative “the most dishonest act” one nation had ever done for another, Roosevelt`s main motivation was not selflessness or selfless generosity. Instead, Lend-Lease was to serve America`s interest in defeating Nazi Germany without entering the war until the American military and public opinion were ready to fight. At a time when the majority of Americans opposed direct participation in the war, Lend-Lease represented an important contribution of the United States to the fight against Nazi Germany. Moreover, the joint action signed in Article VII of the joint action signed by the United States and the recipient countries laid the groundwork for the creation of a new international economic order in the post-war world. Despite its early approach to foreign economic policy, the FDR quickly demonstrated its internationalist leanings. In 1934, the FDR obtained the passage of the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act, which allowed it to grant the trade status of the “most favoured nation” to countries with which the United States had trade agreements. In 1933, Roosevelt radically changed America`s relations with the Soviet Union and established official relations between the two nations. FDR hoped that improved relations with the U.S.S.R. would expand U.S.
trade opportunities and discourage Japanese expansion. In the end, the agreement did not conclude both. Another indication of the FDR`s commitment to international cooperation came with its unsuccessful fight in 1935 for U.S. membership of the World Court. Unlike President Hoover, who believed that the depression was born out of the international situation, Roosevelt believed that the country`s economic problems came largely from his own home. As a result, FDR Hoovers rejected numerous requests (which were made between the FDR election and the inauguration) for the new government to support Hoover`s approach to the next London Economic Conference. Hoover hoped that the United States and other major industrialized countries would develop a monetary stabilization programme in London and support the international gold standard. Talks between the FDR, Churchill and Stalin continued in January 1945 in Yalta, Crimea.
At that time, FDR was a weak and sick man, dilapidated by his years in office, his energetic election campaign and his state of health. The Yalta meeting was extremely tense.