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Umbrella Final Agreement 1993

Yukon Country`s claims refer to the process of negotiating and executing Aboriginal land claim agreements in Yukon, Canada, between First Nations and the federal government. On the basis of historical occupation and exploitation, First Nations claim fundamental rights in all countries. Yukon`s first step was the negotiation and signing of a comprehensive framework called the Umbrella Final Agreement (UFU). This framework was signed in 1993 by the governments of Canada and Yukon and the Yukon Indian Council (now the Yukon Council of First Nations). The UFA then served as the basis for the final agreements signed with the various First Nations. Land rights are established in areas of Canada where Aboriginal land rights have not been governed by previous contracts or other legal means. In the Yukon, a number of modern contracts of the future, also known as final agreements, have been negotiated to settle these land rights. After many years of negotiations and the hard work of many visionary leaders, the historic final agreement of the Umbrella (UFA) was signed in 1993. It provided the model for the negotiation of individual land agreements (called “final agreements”) with each Yukon nation. Unlike most other Canadian foeal claims that apply only to status Indians, Yukon First Nations insisted that the agreements involve all those they considered to be part of their nation, whether they were recognized as status Indians or not under federal government rules. In 1973, the Yukon Indian Brotherhood and the Yukon Association of Non-Status Indians founded the Yukon Indian Council (YC) to negotiate a land agreement.

The two organizations and the Council merged in 1980 as the Council for Yukon Indians. In 1995, CYI was renamed the Yukon First Nations Council. The current process began in 1973 with the publication of Together Today For our Children Tomorrow by chef Elijah Smith. Negotiations took place in the late 1970s and early 1980s, culminating in an agreement that was ultimately rejected. While the framework agreement provides a framework in which each of Yukon`s 14 First Nations will reach a final claims settlement agreement, all provisions of the UFA are part of each First Nation final agreement (FNF). The final agreements contain the entire text of the framework agreement with the addition of specific provisions applicable to the First Nation. The final Umbrella Agreement (UFA) was concluded in 1988 and concluded in 1990. This is the general “Umbrella” agreement of the Yukon Landclaims package and provides for the general agreement reached by the three parties in a number of areas. Although the agreement is not a legal document, it is a “political” agreement between the three parties.