On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. In order to ensure its effective implementation and implementation, the draft withdrawal agreement provides for a dispute resolution mechanism to resolve any differences in interpretation. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  Free movement will continue until the end of the transition period (or transposition period) and EU and UK nationals will be able to move to the UK or Member States, as currently permitted by EU legislation. EU citizens living in their host country before the end of the transition have a permanent right of residence under the withdrawal agreement due to certain requirements. Under the agreement, the UK and EU-27 have discretion under which EU or UK nationals must apply for new resident status. The United Kingdom has opted for a regime that requires EU citizens to apply for a new resident status known as “settled” or “pre-settled.” It is not yet clear whether each EU-27 will exercise its discretion under the withdrawal agreement to force British residents to apply for a new resident status. No. 10 said that ministers had been summoned to a special meeting to “examine the draft agreement reached by the negotiating teams in Brussels and decide on the next steps”. MPs, he said, “will receive a full reasoned opinion outlining the government`s political and legal position on the proposed withdrawal agreement.” The aim of avoiding a hard border on the island of Ireland was perhaps the most tenacious topic in the withdrawal negotiations, with the British government declaring that it was leaving both the EU internal market and the customs union.
But it consists of a withdrawal agreement – supposedly 500 pages – and a statement on the future relationship between the UK and the EU. The Gibraltar Protocol will apply until the end of the transitional period, with the exception of the citizens` rights provisions, which will also be maintained. The protocol provides for the preparation of the application of the citizens` rights part of the VA, which allows the application of EU law at Gibraltar airport if the United Kingdom and Spain agree on this point; underpins cooperation between Spain and the United Kingdom in tax matters, environmental protection and fisheries, as well as in policing and customs matters. The agreements between the United Kingdom and Spain facilitate cooperation between the competent authorities of Gibraltar and Spain at the operational level, including the use of joint committees on citizens` rights, the environment, the police and customs and tobacco. Details of the draft contract have not yet been published, so we do not yet know the fine print. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement.  On 13 November 2018, the EU decided that “decisive progress” had been made in the Brexit negotiations, and on 14 November the European Commission and the UK Government published a draft withdrawal agreement, as well as three protocols (at the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the UK`s base sovereign territories in Cyprus and Gibraltar) and nine annexes.